Withdrawal Agreement Brexit Text


Withdrawal Agreement Brexit Text

On October 22, 2019, the House of Commons voted by 329 votes to 299 to grant the revised Withdrawal Agreement (negotiated by Boris Johnson earlier this month) at second reading, but when the accelerated timetable he proposed did not receive the necessary parliamentary support, Johnson announced that the legislation would be suspended. [38] [12] The Withdrawal Agreement provides for a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which the UK will remain in the Single Market to ensure smooth trade until a long-term relationship is agreed. If no agreement is reached by that date, the UK will leave the single market on 1 January 2021 without a trade agreement. A non-binding political declaration on the future relationship between the EU and the UK is closely linked to the Withdrawal Agreement. This triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union, which sets out the procedure for the withdrawal of a Member State from the Union and introduces a two-year countdown to withdrawal. On 23 January 2020, the UK Parliament approved the draft agreement by passing the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020. Following the signing of the Agreement, the Government of the United Kingdom issued and deposited the instrument of ratification of Great Britain on 29 January 2020. [7] [8] The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020 after obtaining the consent of the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union entered into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, and on that date the Withdrawal Agreement under Article 185 entered into force. On the 19. Parliament also said in October that a political agreement had been reached. Immediately after the announcement of a revised withdrawal agreement on 17 October 2019, Labour, the Liberal Democrats and the DUP declared that they could not support the new agreement. [30] On the EU side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020[40] and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by email on 30 January 2020[41].

[42] As a result, the European Union also deposited its instrument of ratification of the Agreement on 30 January 2020, thus concluding the Agreement[43], allowing it to enter into force at 11.m GMT on 31 January 2020 on the date of the Withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union. With regard to the Irish border issue, there is a Northern Ireland Protocol (the « backstop ») annexed to the Agreement which establishes a fallback position which will only enter into force if no effective alternative arrangement is demonstrated before the end of the transition period. .