Comprehensive Peace Agreement Sudan Summary
Nevertheless, the CPA was not conceived as a panacea for Sudan`s problems. By ending the civil war and setting a six-year transitional period, the SPLM/A agreement and the NCP have initiated the political transformation necessary for peace, stability and long-term unity in Sudan. Not only have these parties missed this political opportunity, but they have also prolonged violence and conflict to the detriment of all Sudanese. Despite this success, the critical aspects of the CPA remain permeable. The referendum on Abyei territory was never held due to a disagreement between the two sides of the CPA on the definition of the notion of « resident » of the Abyei region. While some progress has been made in organizing popular consultations in the Blue Nile, the process has never been completed. It never started in Southern Kordofan. Today, a new temporary agreement concluded in June 2011 on the Abyei region has not yet been implemented. In South Kordofan and Blue Nile, the GOS has launched a continuous military offensive against the civilian population of both states.
In the face of all this, the international community has remained largely silent. The international community – in particular the key countries participating in the NEGOTIATIONS on the CPA – has not yet played its role as guarantor of the CPA and it still does not have a coherent and coordinated approach in its relations with the parties, in particular the NSPs, let alone their respective obligations. A more consistent, proactive and energetic engagement by the international community is another important element in bringing this agreement peacefully through the traps that lie ahead. A referendum was held in South Sudan between 9 and 15 January 2011. .