Brexit Withdrawal Agreement October
While the previous « backstop » has kept the UK in a customs union with the EU, the new AV sees that the whole of the UK (including Northern Ireland) is leaving the EU customs union. From a legal point of view, Northern Ireland remains a part of the British customs territory. Northern Ireland will be included in the UK`s free trade agreements. The UK left the EU on 31 January 2020 at midnight (23:00 GMT). A transitional period is now in effect until 31 December 2020. During this period, all EU laws and regulations continue to apply in the UK. For businesses and the public, virtually nothing will change. This will give everyone more time to prepare for the new agreements that the EU and the UK intend to conclude after 31 December 2020. The United Kingdom and the European Union reached an agreement at the European Council on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union. The revised withdrawal agreement and the political declaration were discussed and approved at the European Council on 17 October 2019. The withdrawal agreement provided for an extension of the transition period to avoid the « non-deal » of Brexit if no agreement between the EU and the UK could be reached by 31 December 2020. Such an extension should have been requested until July 2020. Following a statement by Prime Minister Boris Johnson that he would not use this option and that 11 months would be enough to reach a comprehensive agreement, the British government added a provision to the 2020 Law to prohibit a British minister who wants such an extension, and no extension was sought.
23 January 2020 – After the UK government has a majority in Parliament to pass the EU withdrawal law before its call for Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union expires on 31 January 2020, the UK`s threat to leave the EU without a new trade deal (a « non-deal ») is no longer imminent. However, it cannot be completely ignored. Since March, the EU and the UK have continued regular negotiations despite the difficulties associated with the COVID 19 pandemic. The EU is conducting its negotiations on the basis of the mutually agreed political declaration. However, significant differences have not yet been resolved in some areas. These differences include fair competition, horizontal management of each agreement and fisheries. EU and UK negotiators Michel Barnier and David Frost and their teams have recently stepped up their negotiations. The clock is ticking, because an agreement must be reached quickly to have time for ratification by the European Parliament.
The same conditions of competition concerned taxation, environmental protection, labour standards, state aid and competition. These have been replaced by less specific and non-binding commitments in the political declaration to impose these principles in any future trade agreement between the EU and the UK. The withdrawal agreement provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020, during which time the UK will remain in the internal market, to ensure the smooth flow of trade until a long-term relationship is concluded. If no agreement is reached by then, the UK will leave the single market without a trade deal on 1 January 2021. The withdrawal agreement is closely linked to a non-binding political declaration on future relations between the EU and the UK. The government says it remains committed to the protocol, but it could make its own decisions on how it will be implemented if it fails to reach an agreement with the EU.